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Insurance requirements can be confusing. If you’ve got a moped, it’s a good idea to get clear on your state’s requirements for insurance coverage.
Since moped definitions and requirements vary from state to state, so do the moped insurance requirements.
50cc Moped Insurance Requirements
Here’s the quick answer regarding scooter and moped insurance requirements:
- If the engine size is less than 50cc and the top speed is 30mph, moped insurance requirements vary by state.
- If the engine size is 50cc or larger with a top speed of more than 30 mph, you will generally always need an insurance policy.
There can also be a little confusion regarding what a moped actually is.
Most states’ definition of a moped is that it:
- Has 2-wheels.
- Has an engine smaller than 50cc.
- Can travel no faster than 30 to 35 mph.
A few states define a moped as also having pedals.
If your scooter meets those definitions, it is generally considered a moped or motorized bicycle.
If it is larger than that, it will typically be considered a motorcycle for licensing, registration, and insurance purposes.
Licensing and registration requirements for mopeds vary from state to state as well.
Some states require mopeds to be registered and operated with a motorcycle endorsement, while others don’t require special registration and can be ridden with a standard driver’s license.
Generally, if a state requires mopeds to be registered, it will also require a minimum insurance policy.
To ride a moped on public roads in a state that requires moped insurance, you’ll need to have a policy that meets the state’s minimum liability requirements.
This type of coverage protects you financially in the event that you are responsible for an accident that results in injuries, death, or property damage.
While the risk of that may be lower on a low-speed, 49cc moped, the risk is still there. It’s best to be covered.
Just like a motorcycle insurance policy, you’ll also be able to add additional coverages to your moped policy that can:
- Pay for damages to your moped resulting from an accident, regardless of fault.
- Replace your moped if it’s stolen.
- Pay medical expenses.
If moped insurance is required in your state, you’ll be able to confirm the minimum requirements when you compare quotes.
What States Require Moped Insurance?
Unlike motorcycle insurance, which is required in nearly every state, moped insurance requirements vary.
The 26 states that require moped insurance include:
- New Jersey
- New York
- North Carolina
- Rhode Island
- South Dakota
- Washington D.C.
- West Virginia
|State||Moped Insurance Requirement|
|Alabama||Liability Insurance required for Mopeds|
|Alaska||Liability Insurance required for Mopeds|
|Arizona||Liability Insurance required for Mopeds|
|Arkansas||No moped insurance requirement|
|California||Liability Insurance required for Mopeds|
|Colorado||Liability Insurance required for Mopeds|
|Connecticut||No moped insurance requirement|
|Delaware||No moped insurance requirement|
|Florida||No moped insurance requirement|
|Georgia||No moped insurance requirement|
|Hawaii||No moped insurance requirement|
|Idaho||No moped insurance requirement|
|Illinois||Liability Insurance required for Mopeds|
|Indiana||No moped insurance requirement|
|Iowa||Liability Insurance required for Mopeds|
|Kansas||No moped insurance requirement|
|Kentucky||No moped insurance requirement|
|Louisiana||Liability Insurance required for Mopeds|
|Maine||Liability Insurance required for Mopeds|
|Maryland||Liability Insurance required for Mopeds|
|Massachusetts||No moped insurance requirement|
|Michigan||No moped insurance requirement|
|Minnesota||Liability Insurance required for Mopeds|
|Mississippi||Liability Insurance required for Mopeds|
|Missouri||No moped insurance requirement|
|Montana||No moped insurance requirement|
|Nebraska||No moped insurance requirement|
|Nevada||No moped insurance requirement|
|New Hampshire||No moped insurance requirement|
|New Jersey||Liability Insurance required for Mopeds|
|New Mexico||No moped insurance requirement|
|New York||Liability Insurance required for Mopeds|
|North Carolina||Liability Insurance required for Mopeds|
|Ohio||No moped insurance requirement|
|Oklahoma||Liability Insurance required for Mopeds|
|Oregon||Liability Insurance required for Mopeds|
|Pennsylvania||Liability Insurance required for Mopeds|
|Rhode Island||Liability Insurance required for Mopeds|
|South Carolina||No moped insurance requirement|
|South Dakota||Liability Insurance required for Mopeds|
|Tennessee||No moped insurance requirement|
|Texas||Liability Insurance required for Mopeds|
|Utah||Liability Insurance required for Mopeds|
|Vermont||Liability Insurance required for Mopeds|
|Virginia||No moped insurance requirement|
|Washington||No moped insurance requirement|
|Washington D.C.||Liability Insurance required for Mopeds|
|West Virginia||Liability Insurance required for Mopeds|
|Wisconsin||Liability Insurance required for Mopeds|
|Wyoming||No moped insurance requirement|
Fortunately, moped insurance is fairly inexpensive. Given the size and value of most small-sized mopeds, insuring them is usually cheap.
To get an even better deal, you’ll be able to see if you qualify for any discounts when you compare quotes.