Checking and setting your valve clearances should be a regular part of your motorcycle maintenance routine.
When adjusting the camshaft, ignition, and valves you’ll refer to the timing marks on your engine’s spark advancer.
- T = Timing Mark
- F = Fire
- || = Advance
For anything ignition related, you’ll typically refer to the F mark. For mechanical adjustments, you’ll use the T mark.
How important is valve adjustment on a motorcycle?
Valve clearance is an important component of a smooth running motorcycle engine.
Valves are too tight: If there is too little valve clearance, the valves will never fully seat and will get hot and burn.
Valves are too loose: If there is too much valve clearance, the parts will be slapped around and make a lot of noise, potentially damaging top end internals.
Extremely loose valves can actually cause the adjustment nut and screw to come loose and bounce around inside the engine.
Anything loose and metal moving around inside the engine when it is operating has the potential to cause complete engine failure or a cracked engine case.
Failing to set your motorcycle valve clearance properly can eventually lead to a damaged camshaft, valve seats, and overall valve train failure.
How to Check Motorcycle Valve Clearances
Valve adjustments and measurements are made when the engine is completely cold.
To check your valve clearances:
- Remove the gas tank.
- Unscrew the valve tappet covers of the head cover, depending on your engine’s design.
- Remove the cover to get to the nut on your crankshaft.
- Bring the cylinder your are checking to TDC (Top Dead Center). Watch for the “T” mark near the spark advancer. When it lines up to the engine case timing mark you are in the right position.
- Measure the clearances for the loose tappets.
Refer to your shop manual for the exact procedure and the proper clearances for both intake and exhaust valves – they will be different.
If you’re not sure where Top Dead Center is for a given cylinder, you can remove the spark plug and stick something long down the hole (do don’t jam anything in there). When the screwdriver/rod reaches the top and then starts to go down, you’ll know where TDC is.
Rocker Arm Tappet Valve Measurement & Adjustment
For overhead cam motorcycle engines with rocker arms and screw adjusters, place the proper sized feeler gauge between the tip of the valve and the end of the tappet screw.
Use a wrench to loosen the locknut and tighten or loosen to the tappet clearance screw if the clearance is out of spec. Retighten the screw and locknut and measure again. Sometimes the screw’s clearance will change when you tighten the locknut.
Shim Under Bucket Valve Measurement & Adjustment
For shim under bucket valves, you’ll need to take the measure between the bucket and the cam lobes. You’ll need to record each measurement as you go along.
If it is out of spec, you’ll need to disassemble the camshaft to get to the valve buckets and shims. For the clearances that were out of spec, remove the bucket and check the size of the shim that rests between the bucket and the valve tip.
The shim’s size will be stamped on the top, but can wear out overtime. You can confirm its size with digital calipers.
Replace it with a new shim that will get you to the proper clearance.
How often do motorcycles need a valve adjustment?
Refer to your motorcycle service manual for the exact schedule of when to adjust your valve clearance.
However, many bikes will typically recommended adjusting the valves every 3,000 to 10,000 miles.